Fes or Fez is the second largest city in Morocco with a population of over 1 million people(2004 statistics). The city of Fes was founded in the year 808 AD, by Idris I, making it the capital of Idrisid. Fes is divided into three sections. There is old Fes, New Fes, and the New City of Fes which was built by the french during the french colonial period.
UNESCO recognized the Fes Medina(old fes) as a World Heritage site in 1981, and it is widely believed to be the world's largest contiguous car-free urban area. Al-Qaraqiyyin, founded in 859 AD, is the oldest continuously functioning educational institution in the world. The city has been called the "Mecca of the West" and the "Athens of Africa".
Other Landmarks and unique structures of Fes include:
Mosque al Quaraouiyine:
Among the most famous mosques in Morocco, built in 857 AD by the lady Fatima al-Fahriyyah, a silo was added by Prince Alzenatien in 956 AD. Much of the design today can be traced back to the 12th century, during which time domes were constructed along with gypsum block for the central prayer hall.
The Worn Walls of Fes:
Initially used as a form of fencing for the city during the reign of Nasser Almohad(1199-1213). The use of these doors goes back even further to the reign of the Idrissides and the Alzenatiens.
Originally used as a fort, this structure lies north of Fes and was built during the year 1582. The design was inspired by Portugese forts dating back to the early 1500's. It currently houses the Museum of Weapons.
Built as a palace by the Sultan Moulay Abdelaziz in 1897, it was converted in 1915 into a museum of arts and regional customs.